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Difficulties in "diplomatic and legal processes" or the issue of "do-not-dispute sovereignty"

Difficulties in diplomatic and legal processes or the issue of donotdispute sovereigntySovereignty and territorial disputes have existed between many countries and in many parts of the world. Diplomatic and legal measures have always been considered appropriate for their peaceful settlement. However, in the case of the South China Sea, such processes have faced with numerous obstacles, mainly due to China’s position.

The best solution that should always be given priority is direct negotiation between the disputants. It is by this way that Vietnam and China have solved satisfactorily the problem of land border delimitation and issues concerning the Bac Bo (Tonkin) Gulf.

China creating a flashpoint in South China Sea

China creating a flashpoint in South China SeaChina’s foray into the controversial and disputed South China Sea is not a new phenomenon. It is part of Beijing’s long term strategy to bring a large area of land and sea into its sphere of influence. This is being done by China mainly to harness resources exclusively. More recently, China’s firing of medium range missiles into the South China Sea is a growing assertion, largely to reflect its sovereignty over disputed waters. Such action by China has attempted to demonstrate its strategic dominance and sovereignty over the whole of South China Sea.

China has also been engaging itself in military exercises over its territorial claims in the South China Sea. The growing frequency of exercises and the new types of capabilities displayed has demonstrated the progress China has achieved in its continuing military modernisation programme.

As US-China tensions rise, what is the outlook on the South China Sea dispute in 2020-21?

As US-China tensions rise what is the outlook on the South China Sea dispute in 202021Since the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic in March, tensions in the South China Sea have surged. This is mainly the result of China’s continued assertiveness coupled with the sharp deterioration in US-China relations over a variety of issues including the South China Sea itself.

Actions undertaken by Beijing to assert its jurisdictional claims, and demonstrate that the pandemic has not undermined its political resolve or the operational readiness of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), have been counterproductive.

Vietnam’s Perceptions and Strategies toward China’s Belt and Road Initiative Expansion

Vietnams Perceptions and Strategies towardAbstract

China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) which was launched by Xi Jinping in 2013 seemingly draws a great picture of mutual development with a lot of promises in term of financial and technological supports to infrastructure development projects in a large number of countries. Such promises sound good to many countries including Vietnam, a developing country who is in its capital thirst. However, Vietnam’s reaction to this Initiative in particular and to China’s strategic intentions in general is not easy to understand. Vietnam’s perceptions on the BRI have varied across many different social spectra. Based on those common understandings, Vietnam’s strategies toward China and its BRI are a mixture of seemingly contradictory policies which show either their supports (bandwagonig strategy) or denials (balancing strategy) or both simultaneously. However, it is in fact hedging strategy which is a flexible combination of both bandwagoning and balancing strategies is working comprehensively in various spheres.

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The US promotes the rule of law and the enforcement of the South China Sea Arbitration Ruling

Beijing promotesRecently, public opinion has paid much attention to the US-China strategic competition in the South China Sea, demonstrated through intense military exercises by both sides. However, all the US’ moves over the past month in the South China Sea show that the United States is strongly promoting law enforcement, including the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and the Arbitration Ruling dated July 12, 2016 on the South China Sea. Specifically,

1. On June 1, 2020, the United States sent a letter to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, protesting China’s demands and aggressive actions in the South China Sea. This letter was signed by Ms. Kelly Craft, the United States Ambassador to the United Nations. The letter emphasized: “Specifically, the United States objects to China’s claim to “historic rights” in the South China Sea,” and “the United States notes in this regard that the Tribunal unanimously concluded in its ruling, which is final and binding on China and the Philippines under Article 296 of the UNCLOS, that China’s claim to historic rights is incompatible with the UNCLOS.”

China’s strategy of economic self-reliance, under label of ‘dual circulation’

China has been the chief beneficiary of the globalisation of the world economy which began accelerating since the end of the Cold War in the early 1990s. This phase of relatively free movement of capital and technology and goods and services enabled China to transform itself into a low-cost manufacturing hub for the world. It became an export powerhouse leveraging its access to the large consuming markets of the US, Europe and Japan. Thanks to its brand of state capitalism and managed markets, China emerged relatively unscathed from the global financial and economic crisis (GFEC) of 2007-8 while the advanced capitalist economies of the West faced prolonged disruption and stagnation. The Western consensus behind globalisation has been eroded as competition from China has sharpened. There is a rise in protectionist sentiments in the West, a greater scrutiny of inward investment particularly for acquisitions in the high-tech sector, and growing sensitivity over loss of intellectual property to Chinese firms.

Strategic Lunacy Doesn’t Play in Reality

Strategic Lunacy Doesnt Play in RealityPresident Donald Trump with a bat, ready to take a swing at the world-turned-piñata. Sciutto’s previous work, The Shadow War, explored the threats Russia and China posed to the United States—now, he’s turned his attention around to consider America’s own contribution to global instability.

Well before he assumed office, Trump made clear he would operate differently and set out to break conventional wisdom when it came to foreign affairs. NATO was “obsolete,” until he decided after he entered office it was “no longer obsolete.” He toyed with bringing waterboarding back as a U.S. practice. And he questioned why he couldn’t speak by phone with the president of Taiwan. By the end of his first year, some policymakers attempted to make sense of his mercuriality by describing his approach as “madman theory.”

Beijing deflects conflicts outwards, threatening the entire region

Beijing deflects conflicts outwards threatening the entire regionThe US-China trade war in the last two years has caused many difficulties for the Chinese economy. The Covid-19 outbreak since late 2019 in China has made it even harder. For the first time, China recorded negative GDP growth rate in the first quarter of 2020, which decreased by 6.8% compared to the 4th quarter of 2019. Dozens of millions of Chinese people lost their job. The dissatisfaction within Chinese society, as well as the increasing criticism and denouncement against President Xi Jinping and the Beijing authority has been attributed to economic difficulties, and the Beijing authority's irresponsibility and lack of transparency in response to the Covid-19 pandemic.

Furthermore, Beijing has to deal with challenges from Hong Kong and the Uyghurs issue in Xinjiang. In terms of foreign affairs, the fact that the China-originated Covid-19 pandemic has caused approximately 20 million infected cases with the death toll rising to nearly half-million on global scale, and China's behaviour amid the crisis has added to the rise of anti-China sentiment worldwide. Given the mounting challenges and difficulties from both internal and external environments, the authority in Beijing is now seeking for a way to deflect internal conflicts outwards, challenging the entire region.

Beijing sends its top diplomat to Singapore and South Korea amid US tensions

Beijing tells its top diplomatChina’s top diplomat will visit Singapore and South Korea later this week as Beijing seeks to strengthen ties with its Asian neighbours amid an intensifying geopolitical rivalry with Washington.

Yang Jiechi, a leading architect of China’s foreign policy, will visit Busan starting on Friday and will hold talks on Saturday with Suh Hoon, the South Korean national security adviser, the Yonhap news agency reported, quoting presidential office spokesman Kang Min-seok.

How a War in the South China Sea Between China and America Could Start

How a war in the south china seaCould a small “clash,” incident, or brief exchange of fire between American and Chinese forces in the South China Sea quickly lead to a dangerous “all-out war?”

Many experts, observers and officials seem to share the concern, given the rapid escalation of hostility between the two major superpowers.

Speaking to this topic, the Chinese-government backed Global Times heated up the rhetoric a bit when stating, “if Washington launches military provocations to challenge the bottom line of China’s national security and sovereignty, China will make immediate and effective retaliations.”

South China Sea Showdown: Here's How America Is Trying To Contain China In Its Own Backyard

South China Sea showdownRecent US diplomatic and military moves in the Pacific theater are conveying a strong message to both friends and foes that Washington is determined to preserve the hegemonic status the United States has enjoyed since the end of World War II. The latest confirmation is the addition of the Pacific Deterrence Initiative (PDI) to the 2021 National Defense Authorization Act. Both the PDI and other US actions are implicitly directed against one target: the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Over the past decade, and especially during President Donald Trump’s administration, the perception has grown within America’s political and policy elites that China is no longer a constructive economic and diplomatic partner. Instead, officials see Beijing as a strategic competitor at best and an outright adversary at worst.

That mounting mistrust of Beijing has several sources. US military leaders have watched with growing unease for years as the PRC’s military budget ballooned and funds were directed disproportionately to the development of sophisticated anti-ship missiles and other anti-access, area denial systems. The primary purpose of such programs was to raise the cost severely to the United States if Washington sent its air and naval forces to defend Taiwan or otherwise interfere with PRC strategic goals in waters near China. An increasingly bold foreign policy agenda has accompanied Beijing’s new military muscle.

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