BienDong.Net

Documents

HOANG SA TROOPS MENTIONED BY THE IMPERIAL ARCHIVES OF THE NGUYEN DYNASTY

SCSC - Along with the country's unification, the East Sea was managed by the Nguyen dynasty from the North to the South. Not only a powerful nautical military being developed, were the Nguyen lords also interested in different nautical military troops, especially the Hoang Sa and Bac Hai's. Many practical maritime boundary - related activities were carried out by the Nguyen dynasty.

During the King Gia Long reign, a number of voyages to survey the Paracel Islands were conducted by the Hoang Sa troops.

ROYAL RECORDS OF THE NGUYEN DYNASuTY – LEGAL DOCUMENTS CONFIRMING VIET NAM’S SOVEREIGNTY OVER HOANG

SCSC - Let us first learn about the royal records. Under King Gia Long 1802 - 1819, the state apparatus was reformed to an absolute hierarchical monarchy.

The central government headed by the King presided over the major decisions of the country. The six Boards serving the King included Board of Appointments (Bộ Lại), Board of Finance (Bộ Hộ), Board of Education (Bộ Lễ), Board of Defence (Bộ Binh), Board of Justice (Bộ Hình), and Board of Public Work (Bộ Công). Each Board was headed by a Chief Secretary (thượng thư) who was assisted by lower ranking officials (tả hữu tham tri and tả hữu thị lang). Each Board was divided by scope of work into specialized departments.

Testimony of Daniel Russel: Maritime Disputes in East Asia

SCSC - China’s lack of clarity with regard to its South China Sea claims has created uncertainty, insecurity and instability in the region. It limits the prospect for achieving a mutually agreeable resolution or equitable joint development arrangements among the claimants.
I want to reinforce the point that under international law, maritime claims in the South China Sea must be derived from land features. Any use of the “nine dash line” by China to claim maritime rights not based on claimed land features would be inconsistent with international law. The international community would welcome China to clarify or adjust its nine - dash line claim to bring it in accordance with the international law of the sea. [READ MORE]

FOREING RECORDS ABOUT HOANG SA AND TRUONG SA ARCHIPELAGOES

SCSC - Viet Nam’s sovereignty over the Hoang Sa Archipelago (Paracels) and the Truong Sa Archipelago (Spratlys) is not only documented in the ancient documents and materials of Viet Nam but also in foreign records, including books, newspaper articles, maps, journals and maritime guidebooks of voyagers and Western missionaries.

These materials clearly described the Hoang Sa and Truong Sa as “a strip of sand off the coast of Central Viet Nam (…) ” as they were portrayed in the Vietnamese documents of the time.

History the Weak Link in Beijing’s Maritime Claims

SCSC - Beijing’s claims to nearly all of the South China Sea are now embossed in new Chinese passports and official maps.

Chinese leaders and foreign ministry spokespersons insist with increasing truculence that the islands, rocks, and reefs have been China’s “territory since ancient times”. [READ MORE]

THE NGUYEN DYNASTY’S MANAGEMENT OF THE EAST SEA

SCSC - To protect the sovereignty of sea and islands of the country, the Vietnamese feudal dynasties all attached importance to and allocated resources for the building of strong naval forces, which went from strength to strength since the Courts of Dinh, Ly, Tran Le, Nguyen. These forces contributed significantly in protecting the country and left historical marks in each period.

Achieved documents affirmed that at least since the 17th century, the Vietnamese feudal dynasties had established and exercised administration over the two Archipelagoes of Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly) while also exploiting and exercising control over the East Sea.

Sea and islands under the Nguyen Lords Reign and Notes about the Hoang Sa (Paracel) Archipelago

SCSC - Since the ancient time, Vietnamese feudal dynasties placed high on the agenda the formulation of strategies for sea and islands defence and for exploitation - management of the East Sea, including the two Archipelagos of Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly).

Numerous relics, documents, royal documents and historical narratives related to Hoang Sa and Truong Sa have been recorded during that long history, particularly the time of Nguyen Lords and Nguyen Kings.

Maritime territorial and Exclusive Economic Zone disputes involving China

SCSC - Early August, the Congressional Research Service issued a report mentionting maritime territorial and Exclusive Economic Zone disputes involving China in the South China Sea and East China Sea, written by Ronald O'Rourke, Specialist in Naval Affairs. [READ MORE]

PCA press release: Arbitral Tribunal Establishes Rules of Procedure and Initial Timetable

SCSC - The Arbitral Tribunal in the case brought by the Republic of the Philippines against the People’s Republic of China under Annex VII to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (“the Convention”), has issued its first Procedural Order, establishing the initial timetable for the arbitration and adopting Rules of Procedure.

This follows the first meeting of the Members of the Arbitral Tribunal, held at the Peace Palace in The Hague on 11 July 2013. [READ MORE]

US Senate resolution for the peaceful resolution of maritime disputes in Asia-Pacific

SCSC - Reaffirming the strong support of the United States for the peaceful resolution of territorial, sovereignty, and jurisdictional disputes in the Asia-Pacific maritime domains.

Whereas the maritime domain of the Asia-Pacific region includes critical sea lines of communication and commerce between the Pacific and Indian oceans; [READ MORE]

Page 2 of 3

Joomlart