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Indonesia Will Not Negotiate Its Sovereignty in South China Sea

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thediplomat-2019-12-09-1Indonesian President Joko Widodo visited Natuna Islands Wednesday amid renewed tensions with China over the lucrative fishing waters that lie between Malaysia and Borneo.

Jokowi, as Widodo is popularly known, met hundreds of fishermen in the Natuna Islands and inspected two warships deployed in the area, the president’s office said in a statement. Jokowi asserted Indonesia’s rights to exploit the natural resources in the exclusive economic zone following the sighting of Chinese fishing vessels and coast guard ships in recent weeks, according to the statement.

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Asean members get tough with China on South China Sea

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06nt15china 1578283526JAKARTA: The future direction of code of conduct (COC) negotiations between Asean members and China is at stake after recent developments saw Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam and the Philippines hardening their stand on the South China Sea issue.

The South China Morning Post (SCMP) and Al Jazeera voiced the possibility of Asean changing course in the COC negotiations after Indonesia and Malaysia made more strident statements against China on the issue.

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China continues to push forth its encroachment of in Vietnam's waters

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1The latest tracking data that Ryan Martinson from the US Naval War College updated on September 30 showed China's Haiyang Dizhi 08 returning to Vietnam's waters for the fourth time.

China’s Haiyang Dizhi 08 vessel group increased its violations by sailing further into the waters of Vietnam, only about 100 nm away from the Vietnamese coast. The areas where the vessel group operates this time were the nine oil and gas blocks which China illegally invited for bidding in 2012.

This area is completely within Vietnam's exclusive economic zone and continental shelf measuring from its central and southern coasts, overlapped with oil and gas blocks which Vietnam is oil and gas production contracts with foreign partners from Russia, India, USA, etc.

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Vietnam Draws Lines in the Sea

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GettyImages-959496926Defense is serious business in Vietnam, a country that has a history of fighting off foreign aggressors. Today, in the context of more contested strategic environment and increasing pressure from a more aggressive China, Vietnam needs an update to its defense policy.

The 2019 defense white paper released last month, Vietnam’s first in 10 years, doesn’t offer detailed updates on the force structure and organization of its military forces and makes only a passing reference to the defense budget spending in a footnote about the fluctuation in the percentage of the GDP for defense budget, which was at 2.36 percent in 2018. But it does—and this is arguably the most interesting part—elaborate on the strategic context and espouse the national strategy for protecting the homeland. It includes the elements of its strategic doctrine, based on the pillars of self-reliance and resilience, and national defense struggle to set all disputes peacefully.

Many long-term doctrines are reasserted in the white paper, including the much quoted “three no’s”: no military alliances, no foreign bases and usage of the territory for military activities, and no siding with one country against another. Vietnam is sticking to nonreliance but emphasizes an important caveat: Any form of defense is acceptable with the nation under attack. As part of this, the white paper sharpens Vietnam’s commitments to international integration, portraying commitment to international maritime legal principles as an important part of securing the country’s prosperity and international role over the last three decades since the Doi Moi reforms that opened the country’s economy up in 1986.

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Vietnam confronts China in the South China Sea

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2018-05-15T102824Z 275958294 RC12C7D91330 RTRMADP 3 RUSSIA-ROSNEFT-VIETNAM-400x255Over the last four months, Vietnam has faced a serious challenge to its sovereignty in the South China Sea. Strategic circles in Hanoi are stirred by China’s repeated intrusions into Vietnam’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) off its central and southern coastlines.

Between 4 July and 24 October 2019, China sent survey ship Haiyang Dizhi 8 (HD8) to conduct four seismic surveys in the waters within 200 nautical miles of Vietnam. Data collected by the South China Sea Chronicle Initiative shows that the HD8 came as close as 65.2 nautical miles from the coast of Phu Yen Province and covered an area of roughly 110,000 square kilometres. At the same time, Chinese Coast Guard (CCG) vessel Haijing 35111 harassed the Japanese rig Hakuryu-5 chartered by a Vietnamese joint venture with Russia’s Rosneft in Block 06.01 in waters about 190 miles southeast of Vietnam.

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Vietnam Shows Malaysia And The Philippines How To Fight The South China Sea Wars

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VN shows MalayBeijing should either get the South China Sea map right or forget the Vietnamese market — for every Chinese product, from smartphones to automobiles.

That’s the message Hanoi sent recently to Beijing, taking the lead once again, among its neighbors, in the fight to contain China’s South China Sea ambitions.

The South China Sea has two maps these days, one drawn by the international community, and another drawn by China.

The difference between the two maps is that the Chinese version includes the “nine-dash line,” an ambiguous self-defined borderline, also going by the name cow’s tongue.” The nine-dash line contains areas claimed by neighboring countries like Vietnam and the Philippines.  It’s an area which allows China the right to control almost the entire South China Sea, and Beijing wants the world to know about it.

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ASEAN and the South China Sea: Vietnam's Role as Chair

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Asean handshakeOn November 4, the ASEAN chair’s gavel was passed to Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc of Vietnam at the closing ceremony of the grouping’s annual summit in Bangkok. Vietnam will serve as the chair of ASEAN, the most important international organization in Southeast Asia, through 2020. This will be a crucial year for the grouping as it attempts to reach the goals set forth in the ASEAN Vision 2020, which was released in 1997 and envisions the establishment of a region of peace, prosperity, and stability. It is especially significant for Vietnam because the chairmanship will offer a unique opportunity to engage the region to take constructive action on the South China Sea disputes which have long threatened regional peace and security. With the chairmanship in hand, now is the time for Hanoi to be more active in fulfilling both its regional and its national responsibilities in the South China Sea.

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Waves in the South China Sea are getting higher

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Chinese sailors qingdaoFor almost two months, a Chinese research chip has been conducting survey activities without permission in the Vietnamese Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), an action condemned by Vietnam, the U.S., Australia, Japan, India, and the E3 (France, Germany, and the U.K.) Currently, the ship is about 150km southeast of the Vietnamese coast. Hanoi has asked China to immediately withdraw, but China insists the ship is in Chinese jurisdictional waters. Washington uses the word “bullying” – using brute force or strength to hurt or frighten someone who is weaker – to describe China’s actions against Vietnam and other Asian countries. In fact, the power gap between China and other countries has been widening, as Chinese leadership becomes increasingly confident that it can dominate the South China Sea as a “China Lake” through its expanding military and economic influence, and amid increasing doubt about American commitment to regional security.

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China continues to increase aggression in Vietnam's waters

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Bai 1According to the latest tracking data that US Marine University’s marine expert Ryan Martinson updated on September 30, China's Haiyang Dizhi 08vessel returned to Vietnam's waters for the fourth time.

China’s Haiyang Dizhi 08 vessel group increased its aggression by sailing further into the waters of Vietnam, only about 100 nautical miles away from the Vietnamese coast. The areas where the vessel group operates this time were nine oil and gas lots which China illegally put up forbidding in 2012.

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Investigating the legal status of the Vanguard Bank

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tải xuốngOver the past two months since early July 2019, China has deployed the geological survey vessel Haiyang Dizhi 08 accompanied by several Coastal Guard and militia vessels in the waters near Vanguard Bank. Many researchers, analysts and lawyers have publicly criticized China's behavior. In this article, we will analyze the legal status of the Vanguard Bank to demonstrate China’s unruly behavior.

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What does the US-ASEAN exercise in the South China Sea mean?

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tải xuống 2Within the framework of the “ASEAN and US Defense Ministers’ Agreement 2018” , the US and 10 ASEAN member countries conducted the first joint maritime exercise with eight warships, four aircrafts and more than a thousand personnel on September 2-7 2019. The exercise was conducted amid ongoing Chinese coercive acts against its neighbors in the South China Sea, especially at the Vanguard Bank in Vietnam's exclusive economic zone, continental shelf, threatening Vietnam's long-term oil and gas cooperation activities. On the other hand, China seeks to “shut” other countries down, demanding to settle internally and not to internationalize the problem.

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