BienDong.Net

Indonesia criticizes China’s behaviors

IndoIndonesia is not a party directly involved in the South China Sea disputes. Despite opposing militarization of the South China Sea, Indonesia has often remained silence over China's recent violations in the South China Sea as they didn’t yet directly affected Indonesia's interests.

Though Indonesia is considered not directly involved in the South China Sea dispute, China's "nine dash line" claim overlapped the southern waters of Indonesia around the Natuna Island. Indonesia has not publicly spoken out against China's aggressive actions because of the economic and trade relations with China; thus, not wanting to confront China directly.

In the last days of 2019, Chinese coast guard ships continuously entered the exclusive economic zone of Indonesia in the north of Natuna Islands. The latest incident was on December 24, 2019, in response to which Indonesia deployed maritime security vessels to block.

The United States continues its efforts to protect international law in the South China Sea

US preventtionAfter three years of reclaimation, construction, expansion and militarization of features in the South China Sea, China is now capable of regularly deploying coast guard and naval vessels to continuously obstruct Vietnam's and Malaysia's oil and gas exploration activities as well as fishing activities of other countries.

In 2019, China repeatedly provoked countries in the South China Sea by deploying coast guard and militia vessels to violate their waters, obstruct oil and gas activities in Vietnam's and Malaysia’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ), protect and e support Chinese fishing vessels to infringe and illegally fish in Indonesian waters; as well as urging the Philippines to accept "joint exploitation" in Philippine waters.

International experts project that given Beijing's aggressive and belligerent nature, "incidents" could break out any time. Aware of the challenges that Beijing posed against the rule-based order in the South China Sea, the US has also fostered its “Freedom of Navigation Operation” (FONOP) in the area in terms of both frequency and scale.

China’s “Four Shas” claim in the South China Sea and its legal trickery

Four ShadsOn July 12, 2016, the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) in The Hague granted an award on the Philippines vs. China case filed in 2013. This award completely rejected both the historical rights and the Chinese interpretation of UNCLOS 1982 provisions of China’s “nine-dash line” claim. Although it publicly denied the PCA’s ruling, China still employed many legal experts to research and seek a new way to advocate for its absurd claim in the South China Sea. Later, this gives birth to the “Four Shas” claim.

In a retreat with American diplomatic officials on August 28-29, 2017 in Boston, Ma Xinmin, deputy director-general of Treaty and Law Department of the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, asserted “Chinese historical rights to Nanhai Zhudao (meaning: Islands in the South China Sea) Four Shas” for the first time.

Cautions over China’s offshore "people's war"

Ppl warIn 2016, the International Permanent Court of Arbitration on the Law of the Sea (PCA) granted an award on the Philippines vs. China case in the South China Sea. Accordingly, the PCA rejected Beijing's claim of "indisputable sovereignty" over the "nine-dash line", which accounts for about 80% of the South China Sea. In other words, the PCA affirmed that it’s illegal for China to appropriate the seas delimited to its neighbors by the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS 1982), and turn them into its own "backyard.” The ruling is considered just and supported by the majority of the world public, but strongly opposed and rejected by China.

Even more so, in 2018, China's Defense Minister called for preparation for a "people's war" at sea to "protect the sovereignty" which they themselves claimed. On November 23, 2019, The National Interest posted an article warning that China was urgently doing a comprehensive preparation to take the upper hand should any armed conflict over its territorial claims over the South China Sea take place.

Coronavirus outbreak may force US, China to rework trade deal implementation

Several weeks have passed since the U.S.-China Phase One trade agreement entered into force, but already there is good news on implementation. China has taken the actions specified in the agreement according to required timeframes, and in some cases has even been ahead of schedule. Beijing has relaxed import restrictions on agricultural products ranging from potatoes to poultry to pet food, has granted approval for a U.S. electronic payments provider to operate in China after several previous delays and has issued exceptions to tariff increases on certain U.S. imports, including certain pork, beef, soybeans and energy products.

China has accomplished this while confronting a national health emergency, the COVID-19 virus. Even with the attention of senior Chinese officials focused on dealing with the health crisis, and some government workers staying at home, China has demonstrated that it is taking implementation of this bilateral deal seriously.

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US-China media row deepens as Beijing hints at revenge over curbs on state media

UntitledChina has hinted at retaliation against the US for its decision to slash the number of Chinese state media staff allowed in the country, escalating a diplomatic feud over the treatment of journalists in both nations.

State news agency Xinhua issued a statement on Wednesday protesting Washington’s announcement this week that it would cap the number of US-based Chinese nationals working for five state-owned media outlets. The move came after China expelled three Wall Street Journal reporters.

“It is our hope that this action will spur Beijing to adopt a more fair and reciprocal approach to US and other foreign press in China,” US secretary of state Mike Pompeo said.

Beginning on 13 March, the US will cap the number of employees for Xinhua, China Global Television network, the international arm of state broadcaster CCTV, as well as China Radio International and the China Daily at a total of 100, down from 160.

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COVID-19 And Its Disruption Of Chinese Economy – Analysis

tải xuống 2The damaging outbreak of COVID-19 that began in the city of Wuhan—a major logistics and industrial hub—has serious economic implications for China as well as the wider region. The most significant impact is the disruption to manufacturing supply chains and the logistics sector. Consequently, China’s economic growth in the first quarter of 2020 will slow considerably, while also exerting a drag on the full-year growth rate.

Impact on the Manufacturing Sector

The Hubei province—of which Wuhan is the capital—is a powerhouse of steel, chemicals, electronics and auto parts manufacturing. It is the seventh largest contributor to China’s overall GDP. Following the outbreak, manufacturing units located in Hubei have been completely shut down, barring only a few exceptions.

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US Summons Chinese Ambassador Over COVID-19 Conspiracy Theory

2WASHINGTON - The United States on Friday summoned China's ambassador after a senior official in Beijing tweeted the "ridiculous" suggestion that the U.S. military started the COVID-19 pandemic, the State Department said.

David Stilwell, the top U.S. diplomat for Asia, issued a "stern representation" to Ambassador Cui Tiankai a day after foreign ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian tweeted the conspiracy theory.

"China is seeking to deflect criticism for its role in starting a global pandemic and not telling the world," a State Department official said.

"Spreading conspiracy theories is dangerous and ridiculous. We wanted to put the government on notice we won't tolerate it, for the good of the Chinese people and the world," the official said.

Zhao, in tweets in both Mandarin and English that gained wide traction on Chinese social media, a day earlier suggested that "patient zero" in the global pandemic may have come from the United States, not the Chinese city of Wuhan, where cases were first reported in late 2019.

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COVID-19 To Further Dampen U.S.-China Trade

960x0The U.S. and China seemed to be starting the year out strong after on Jan. 15, President Trump and China’s chief trade negotiator, vice-premier Liu He, signed the “phase one” of a trade deal meant to halt the countries’ almost two-year-old trade war.

Just days later, it became apparent that a new coronavirus outbreak that had started in the central industrial hub of Wuhan was spreading fast across China. Businesses, which were already preparing to close down during the weeklong Lunar New Year holiday at the end of January, stayed shuttered for weeks afterwards, putting a strain on consumption and making a serious dent in China’s manufacturing productivity and exports.

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Is COVID-19 Eroding China’s Influence in Southeast Asia?

CoronaIn recent years, China has risen to become the largest source of imports for nine of the 10 Southeast Asian countries. Also, it is an increasingly important export market for all 10.

Will coronavirus turn this relationship upside down?

Even before the outbreak, many had warned these countries about their over-reliance on China, but it is coronavirus that has sparked a fire. And with the inflow of tourists – from China especially – practically halted, business owners are feeling the heat.

“I don’t have any customers now and I spend a total of $20,000 per month as I hired about 35 people,” a Korean operator of hotels and saunas in Vietnam’s coastal city of Da Nang reports. “I’m keeping them because they are good; we are prepared for a longer break in operations.”

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