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HOANG SA TEAM

HOANG SA TEAM: VIETNAM’S UNIQUE SOVEREIGNTY EXERCISE IN ARCHIPELAGIC AREAS IN EAST SEA (BIEN DONG) IN 17TH, 18TH AND EARLY 19TH CENTURIES

Fully aware of the special importance of the seas and the islands in national construction and defense, the Vietnamese feudal states had worked out sea and island strategies and policies to exploit groups of islands in the East Sea (South China Sea). To translate the policies into practice, the states organized separate units to undertake the inspection, control, defense and exploitation of the East Sea, an outstanding example of which was the Hoang Sa Team.

Chinese aggressive moves in the disputed South China Sea

In the second half of June 2012, the Chinese cabinet had approved the establishment of prefectural level city of Sansha to administer the Paracel (Xisha) and Spratly (Nansha)island groups- both of these and their surrounding waters are under dispute in South China Sea. In addition, the People's Liberation Army's spokesperson Geng  Yansheng at a press conference disclosed the Chinese plan to set up a military command in the Sansha islands.

Chinese game-plan for the bordering areas

A worrisome development is that China intends to intensify its propaganda for claiming the disputed bordering areas both on land and at sea. Recently it has been learnt that China has established a Steering Sub-Committee for guiding, coordinating and supervising, educating, propagating awareness of national map and controlling entire national map market with coordination of 13 Ministries which include National Agency for Geographic Information and Map Production, Committee for Propaganda and Instruction of the Communist Party of China, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Industry, Ministry of Public Security etc.

The Law of the Sea of Viet Nam

Pursuant to the 1992 Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam amended in accordance with Resolution 51/2001/QH10;

The National Assembly promulgates the Law of the Sea of Viet Nam.

U.S. Senate Unanimously Passes Resolution Calling for “Self-restraint” in South China Sea Disputes

 Senator Webb amended resolution to raise concerns over China’s recent unilateral actions to assert control of territory

Washington, DC—The U.S. Senate unanimously passed a resolution (S. Res. 524) last night declaring that China’s recent actions to unilaterally assert control of disputed territories in the South China Sea “are contrary to agreed upon principles with regard to resolving disputes and impede a peaceful resolution.” Senator Jim Webb, chair of the Foreign Relations East Asian and Pacific Affairs Subcommittee, was an original cosponsor of the resolution and led an amendment addressing China's provocative actions. Last week, he urged the U.S. State Department to clarify whether China’s actions were a violation of international law.

Press Statement: South China Sea

 As a Pacific nation and resident power, the United States has a national interest in the maintenance of peace and stability, respect for international law, freedom of navigation, and unimpeded lawful commerce in the South China Sea. We do not take a position on competing territorial claims over land features and have no territorial ambitions in the South China Sea; however, we believe the nations of the region should work collaboratively and diplomatically to resolve disputes without coercion, without intimidation, without threats, and without the use of force.

Guidelines for the Implementation of the DOC 2011

Reaffirming that the DOC is a milestone document signed between the ASEAN Member States and China, embodying their collective commitment to promoting peace, stability and mutual trust and to ensuring the peaceful resolution of disputes in the South China Sea;

DECLARATION ON THE CONDUCT OF PARTIES IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA 2002 (DOC)

The Governments of the Member States of ASEAN and the Government of the People's Republic of China,

REAFFIRMING their determination to consolidate and develop the friendship and cooperation existing between their people and governments with the view to promoting a 21st century-oriented partnership of good neighbourliness and mutual trust;

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 (UNCLOS)

The States Parties to this Convention,

Prompted by the desire to settle, in a spirit of mutual understanding and cooperation, all issues relating to the law of the sea and aware of the historic significance of this Convention as an important contribution to the maintenance of peace, justice and progress for all peoples of the world,

ASEAN’s Six-Point Principles on the South China Sea

As a result of consultations among the ASEAN Foreign Ministers, the ASEAN Foreign Ministers issue the following:

“ASEAN’s Six-Point Principles on the South China Sea

ASEAN Foreign Ministers reiterate and reaffirm the commitment of ASEAN Member States to:

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