BienDong.Net

Geographer: China’s Claim to South China Sea Not Rooted in History

A British geographer and journalist described China’s claims to large swaths of seas and land formations off its coast are based on 20th-century events — from the Boxer Rebellion to the defeat of Japan in World War II — and not deeply rooted in its history.

Bill Hayton, an associate fellow at London’s Chatham House and the author of South China Sea, The Struggle for Power in Asia, said in response to a question that Beijing’s claims are valid “because [these territories] are ours” historically, said “a hundred years ago you [Chinese citizens] wouldn’t feel” the same way. [READ MORE]

Strategic Perceptions and Misperceptions in the South China Sea

In recent years, the South China Sea (SCS) has become a defining feature of East Asia’s security complex and regional order.

In the pioneering book Perception and Misperception in International Politics (1976), Robert Jervis exhaustively explored the causes and consequences of misperception, the kinds of perceptual errors (psychological forces) in decision-making, and the importance of image (belief) formation in relation to intentions or inferences arising from information assimilation. [READ MORE]

Japan and China’s maritime tensions in the South China Sea are resurfacing World War II-era wounds

Last month, Japan’s defense ministry requested a record budget of about $51 billion for fiscal 2017. At the top of its security worries: China’s maritime aggression.

Japan has reason to worry. In both the East China Sea and South China Sea, Tokyo faces an increasingly assertive China that looks determined to become an unfettered maritime powerhouse—and is beefing up its naval capabilities accordingly. [READ MORE]

Making a US-Sino War ‘Thinkable’?

A recently published study of four ways that the U.S. and China may engage in war seems at first to warn against the high human and economic costs of all four kinds of engagement.

The study by RAND Corporation, sponsored by the U.S. Army, does state that it “reinforce[s] the widely held view that a Sino-U.S. war would be so harmful that both states should place a very high priority on avoiding one.” [READ MORE]

What's Behind the Sino-Russian Exercises in the South China Sea?

Recent Sino–Russian naval drills in the South China Sea were touted by both states as an example of an alignment in each side’s interests.

But the reality is more modest, as the two powers carefully balance the strategic advantages and liabilities of their relationship. [READ MORE]

CHINA’S ARTIFICIAL ISLANDS ARE BIGGER (AND A BIGGER DEAL) THAN YOU THINK

Surely you have heard the news — China has been dredging up coral reefs and creating artificial islands in the South China Sea with the purpose of enforcing their claims to “indisputable sovereignty” of their “Nine Dash Line”, and has defiantly continued to do so in the face of legal condemnation by the Hague’s Permanent Court of Arbitration.

While the reactions of the United States and other nations to China’s island-building campaign have been vocal, some U.S. analysts and experts have been largely dismissive of the new islands’ potential effects on the regional balance of power. [READ MORE]

While Courting China, Vietnam Prepares For a Future South China Sea Crisis

Vietnam’s prime minister, Nguyen Xuan Phuc, concluded a six-day state visit to China last week that included meetings with President Xi Jinping, Premier Li Keqiang and top legislator Zhang Dejiang.

Phuc also attended the China-ASEAN Expo and China-ASEAN Business and Investment Summit in Nanning and made a business-focused visit to Hong Kong. [READ MORE]

Why Russia and China's Combat Drills in the South China Sea Matter

There’s a growing intimacy between two of Asia’s big naval powers and it’s causing disquiet among regional watchers and maritime policymakers.

Russia and China are growing closer in the nautical realm, much to the chagrin of Indian, American and Southeast Asian analysts who feel that their growing bilateral synergy could impact the balance of power in Asia. [READ MORE]

CHINA’S REACTIONS TO THE ARBITRATION RULING WILL LEAD IT INTO BATTLES IT WON’T WIN

The Arbitration Panel’s ruling against China on July 12 was a stinging blow to China’s international prestige.

China advanced a narrative that it had historic rights to nearly the entirety of the South China Sea (SCS), and that it could prevent states like the Philippines and Vietnam from fishing in their Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs) and drilling for oil near their coasts. [READ MORE]

Obama Plans Another Appeal for Trans-Pacific Partnership Trade Deal

WASHINGTON — President Obama, beginning a final uphill push for a trade initiative that is opposed by both party’s presidential candidates, will host an Oval Office meeting on Friday to showcase support among public figures in both parties.

Mr. Obama will convene a bipartisan group to discuss the benefits of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, the 12-nation Pacific trade agreement whose completion he has made a top priority, White House officials said. [READ MORE]

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